Can Chlamydia Cause Infertility in Women?

Dr. Randy Morris

Can Chlamydia Cause Infertility in Women?

Dr. Randy Morris

Having chlamydia can cause infertility, especially when the infection goes untreated or is recurrent. In many cases, it is possible to treat infertility effectively. Below, we will look at the link between chlamydia and infertility, as well as which treatment options are available.

Chlamydia, PID, and Blocked Fallopian Tubes

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that typically causes symptoms such as discomfort and abnormal discharge. When an infection goes untreated or undetected, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a condition in which the entire female reproductive tract becomes inflamed. Recurrent episodes of PID can cause scarring and adhesions in the fallopian tubes. Each month, an egg travels through the fallopian tube from the ovary into the uterus, and fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube. If one fallopian tube is blocked, a person will still be able to get pregnant as long as the other ovary is ovulating regularly. However, if both tubes are blocked or if the other ovary does not ovulate, then the individual may be infertile. Chlamydia has another link with pregnancy and fertility: If the baby is exposed to the bacteria in the birth canal, blindness can occur. Worldwide, chlamydia is the leading cause of preventable blindness. For this reason, babies receive an antibiotic eye ointment at birth, and pregnant women are routinely tested for STIs.

When to See a Doctor

a patient talks to her doctor about infertility and chlamydia

You should see a fertility doctor about chlamydia and infertility if you:

  • Have been trying to conceive for 12 months without success.
  • You have been trying to conceive for 6 months or longer and are over the age of 36.
  • You have a history of PID.
  • You have been told that you have blocked fallopian tubes.

Treatment Options

Treatment for blocked fallopian tubes caused by chlamydia may take one of two forms. The doctor may attempt to clear the blocked fallopian tubes through a minimally invasive surgical procedure, which will then allow the pregnancy to occur naturally or with the help of oral medication. In vitro fertilization (IVF) can also be performed, which circumvents the problem of the blocked fallopian tubes. The right choice for a particular situation depends on the nature of the patient's condition and personal preferences.

Top Doctor for Chlamydia and Infertility

If you have a history of chlamydia and are concerned about your fertility, Dr. Randy Morris would be happy to hear from you. Schedule your consultation today, or call IVF1 for more information.