With the use of so many different in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment protocols being used today in the practice of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), it is easy to become confused as you seek medical help to have a baby. Conventional IVF is typically recommended for women who have failed to achieve a pregnancy after undergoing a series of less complicated medical procedures, such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI).
Candidates for Conventional IVF
IVF is recommended for:
- Women in their advanced maternal years – over 35 years of age
- Women having blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Women diagnosed with endometriosis
- Women with ovulation disorders such as premature ovarian failure or uterine fibroids
- Male factor infertility – including blockage, decreased sperm count or motility
- Unexplained infertility
Conventional IVF Procedure
The IVF procedure consists of 5 main steps:
- Stimulation of the growth and development of multiple egg follicles within the ovaries using fertility drugs
- Surgical removal of matured eggs from the ovaries through aspiration
- Fertilization of the eggs in vitro – in a controlled laboratory setting
- Embryo culture in vitro for several days
- Transfer of a predetermined number of quality embryos to the uterus
Each of these five steps can be performed in a slightly different manner based on the preferences of the doctor. Dr. Randy S. Morris – founder and medical director of IVF1 in Chicago – uses an evidence based approach to determine the protocols for every IVF procedure performed.
- The IVF patient is administered a series of hormone medication injections to stimulate the development of multiple follicles
- The development of the patient’s egg follicles are monitored throughout the woman’s egg growth stage of her cycle with blood level hormone measurements and pelvic ultrasounds
- The doctor determines the prime time to induce ovulation via hCG injection administration
- The patient’s eggs are surgically retrieved by the doctor using a transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration tool
- IVF is a simple outpatient surgical procedure performed under local anesthesia – the patient can resume normal activities the day after the procedure
- The patient’s eggs are then fertilized with sperm in a controlled embryological laboratory.
- All resulting embryos are continuously monitored until they reach an optimum stage of development
- One or more high grade embryo(s) are then transferred to the woman’s uterus via an insemination catheter
- The IVF patient has the option of electing to freeze excess embryos for future transfers (Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET) Procedure)
Guide to Fertility Treatment
Click the icon below to download a recently published eBook by Dr. Randy Morris – Guide to Fertility Treatment – and discover your fertility treatment options. Long distance patients can consult with Dr. Morris via a secured Online Video Consultation. Call IVF1 today for a consultation with Dr. Morris at 630.357.6540.