Here you will find an example set of FAQs.
Unfortunately, a significant decline in reproduction success occurs as women get older. This includes poor egg quality, reduction in recruitment of eggs, and a reduction in response to internal and external hormones. In some cases, there have been advances in fertility treatments to compensate for these losses in reproductive success. One commonly used treatment is the use of fertility medications to stimulate multiple egg development (also known as controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH)) combined with intrauterine insemination (IUI) . This infertility treatment is often used for unexplained infertility , early stage endometriosis , and mild male factor infertility . […]
Recurrent miscarriage is defined as 3 or more consecutive miscarriages . This condition affects 1% of fertile couples and in 50% of cases, the cause remains undiagnosed. Because of this, it remains one of the most distressing and stressful problems affecting couples trying to conceive.
Recently, it has been suggested that body mass index (BMI) plays a role in the risk of miscarriage in women with recurrent miscarriage.
With an overall prevalence of 3%-5%, babies born with birth defects are the leading cause of infant death in the United States. Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal cause for birth defects. The most common non-chromosomal birth defects are congenital heart defects, cleft lip and palate, and abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis or omphalocele). New data suggests that if a women gives birth between the ages of 25 and 30, then the risk of babies with non-chromosomal birth defects is at its lowest. Women who are both older and younger than this seem to have a greater risk for this type of birth defects. […]
Numerous studies have been done in the past trying to determine the relationship between infertility and some types of cancer in women. Some of these suggest that the fertility medicines used during treatment are responsible for an increased risk in breast and ovarian cancer. Other studies contradict these findings and say that the drugs themselves are not linked to an increased risk of cancer. […]
A study done previously by a Danish recurrent miscarriage clinic observed patients referred from 1986 to 1999 and found that firstborn boys opposed to firstborn girls are far more frequent in mothers with secondary recurrent miscarriage. Also, a firstborn boy was correlated to a less favorable pregnancy potential. In the 14-year follow-up done by the clinic, mothers with firstborn sons had fewer subsequent live births than mothers with firstborn daughters. Approximately 1% of women have what is known as recurrent miscarriage. This means that they have had at least 3 consecutive miscarriages. Of that 1%, approximately 1/3 suffers from secondary recurrent miscarriage, meaning that they have had a child prior to having repeated failed pregnancies. […]
With the changing environment and the continual development of new products with new materials, it is no surprise that people are more worried about their exposure to chemicals than ever. Chemicals are in everything we use. Some of these chemicals can have certain adverse effects on infertility, miscarriage or even the success of treatments such as IVF that have yet to be determined. […]
Women who undergo fertility treatments know how time consuming and sometimes unpredictable the process can be. Because of the need for frequent monitoring, blood checks, and sonograms, working women find their schedules at times hard to manage. It can be very frustrating trying to balance the frequent medical appointments with the stress of their normal daily lives. […]
Several studies have shown a link between female infertility and obesity. Female diabetes has been linked to miscarriage and birth defects. Little data has been published on the effect of male weight and infertility. A new study shows diabetes and being overweight has a negative effect on male fertility.Diabetes is a disease associated with high blood sugar. The body normally produces a hormone called insulin, which regulates blood sugar and keeps it low. People can develop diabetes from a failure to make insulin (Type 1) or resistance to insulin (Type 2). The most common reason that people develop insulin resistance is being overweight or obese.
In the last few decades, a higher percentage of Americans have become overweight. As a result, the rate of diabetes is increasing by a huge amount.
Background Approximately 10-15% of recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage. The main cause of miscarriage is attributed to chromosomal abnormalities in the embryos. Approximately 70-80% of miscarriages occur due to chromosomal defects in the embryo. Unfortunately, as women age, their eggs age as well. The older an egg gets, the greater the chance for chromosomal abnormalities in an embryo formed from that egg. If an embryo has a chromosomal abnormality, there is a much greater chance the pregnancy will end in miscarriage. Less than one percent of chromosomally abnormal fetuses are live born. Chromosomes come in pairs. Each parent contributes half of their child’s genetic makeup. 23 chromosomes are inherited from each parent giving the total of 46. During fertilization, some embryos get one too many of a certain chromosome (trisomy) whereas some embryos may be missing one chromosome (monosomy). These types of abnormalities are known as aneuploidies. The most common form of aneuploidy in humans is Down’s syndrome. Babies with Down’s Syndrome are born with an extra copy of chromosome 21 (trisomy 21). Next to Down’s Syndrome, the most common abnormalities found are trisomy 13 and trisomy 18. Previous research has shown that women who have a live birth of a baby with an aneuploidy such as Down Syndrome are at an increased risk for another baby with the same or different aneuploidy. However, it is not clear if women who has a miscarriage due to an aneuploidy are at higher risk for another baby with an aneuploidy. A study performed recently investigated whether a history of spontaneous miscarriage predicted an increased risk of fetal aneuploidy. […]
Couples with fertility problems where the male is over 40 have increased difficulty in conceiving.We know reproductive health is associated with age. Most studies and findings focus on the female age as the determining factor for a successful, healthy pregnancy. While it is true that most miscarriages are due to chromosomal abnormalities and that this is attributed to the age of a female egg, recent findings suggest that the male age has something to do with infertility and miscarriage rates more than previously thought.
Over the last 20 years, there have been numerous studies that have looked at the impact of lifestyle on fertility and miscarriage. Several studies in the 1980s and 1990s have shown that caffeine reduces fertility, the ability to get pregnant and increases the risk of miscarriage . More recently, a large, well performed study found that even small amounts of caffeine can cause miscarriage. Women who drank large amounts of caffeine had almost double the risk for miscarriage.Other studies have demonstrated that drinking alcohol is linked with infertility and that smoking is associated with infertility and reduces In vitro fertilization pregnancy rates.
Background A recent study by the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey shows that herbal supplements appeared to cause an increase in blood levels of lead among women of childbearing age. The participants were men and women 20 years and older. With the widespread use of these so called "natural" alternative medicines in the United States, this finding is a concern. Since many of these herbal supplements effects are not fully proven, they could end up doing more harm to patients than good, especially in women who could potentially expose fetuses to lead while still growing in the uterus. […]
A recently published study found a relationship between female diet prior to conception and the "sex ratio" in humans. Sex ratio is the relative number of females born to males. Specifically, women who consumed a greater amount of calories prior to conception had a higher percentage of boys. In trying to identify specific foods, the authors found that women who had breakfast cereal daily were more likely to have boys. No other foods showed a significant relationship. […]
For the last 30 years, the medications needed for IVF have been given by injection. Initially, the injections were intramuscular. More recently, more advanced fertility drugs are now given by subcutaneous injections . Subcutaneous injections use a smaller needle which is also thinner. This results in less discomfort to the patient. however, a needle is a needle and some discomfort and bruising still occurs. Several attempts to create a method to take these medications without injections have been tried without success. […]
Recent research presented at the World Congress of Endometriosis suggests that women with freckles, moles and easily-burned skin are more likely to suffer from endometriosis . Endometriosis is a problem in which the tissue which normally gows inside the uterine lining, grows outside of the uterus. It is estimated that 6% of reproductive aged women may have endometriosis. Common places where endometriosis is found includes the ovaries, the walls of the abdomen, and the fallopian tubes. Endometriosis can be a cause for infertility or pelvic pain or both. […]
A study published in March 2008 has determined that women with endometriosis who took high dose anti-oxidants did not show any improvement in their pregnancy rates.
Oxidative stress is a condition which occurs when the production of free radicals in the human body exceeds the body’s ability to neutralize and eliminate them. Oxidative stress can result from a lack of antioxidants or from an over abundance free radicals. Excess free radicals can result in cellular damage. Some scientists believe that this may interfere with pregnancy.
Past studies have identified an association in women with endometriosis and higher levels of free radicals or oxidative stress. Some authors believe that oxidative stress may be partially responsible for the development of endometriosis.
Scientists claim that men who smoke, drink heavily or are exposed to pesticides while trying for a baby could harm generations of offspring. Researchers said animal studies showed abnormalities caused by environmental toxins were caused by genetic changes that were passed on through generations. […]
Washington, DC — Pregnant asthmatic women should continue to use their asthma medication in the lowest dose possible to manage symptoms during pregnancy, according to a new Practice Bulletin released today by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Women with moderate or severe asthma should also be monitored throughout pregnancy for fetal growth restriction and signs of preterm birth. […]
A recent study has identified a possible relationship between sperm counts in men and their mother’s consumption of beef during pregnancy. Of particular concern was whether administering hormones to cattle to increase their size and beef production could be the culprit leading to these findings. […]
Approximately one-third of reproductive aged women still believe that taking oral contraceptives cause infertility or difficulty in achieving pregnancy after the pills are stopped. This is despite the fact that several studies in recent years have shown no effect of birth control pills on fertility. […]