Understanding the steps for performing IVF
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is not a complex procedure to understand. Broken down into its most basic parts, IVF has five main steps:
In Vitro Fertilization
1) Stimulate the growth and development of multiple eggs within the ovaries
2) Remove the eggs
3) Fertilize the eggs
4) Allow the fertilized eggs to grow and develop in the laboratory
5) Place embryos into the uterus
Each of these five steps can be performed in a slightly different manner based on the preferences of the physician. At IVF1, we use an evidence based approach to determine the protocols for IVF. Below is a more detailed explanation of the IVF process.
IVF Drug treatment
Drugs to prevent Premature ovulation
Cetrotide and Ganirelix in IVF
Cetrotide and Ganirelix are the primary medications that help prevent premature ovulation.
Lupron treatment in IVF
An older method for preventing ovulation
Drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs
Fertility Drugs for Stimulation of Egg Development
Fertility drugs are used to stimulate the development of multiple eggs during in vitro fertilization (IVF)
A final injection of hCG prepares for retrieval
Drugs to assist development of the uterine lining
Progesterone is administered to help sustain the uterine lining (endometrium).
Egg removal, Fertilization, Growing Embryos and Placement in the uterus
Egg (Oocyte) Retrieval
Removal of the eggs (oocytes) from the ovary.
What happens in the IVF laboratory?
Learn about methods of fertilization, embryo culture and development.
The embryos are placed into the uterus.
Overview of the IVF process - What can you expect?
IVF from start to finish
What are the average numbers than IVF patients can expect? If you are going through an IVF cycle - read this!!!
What issues are important if I get pregnant from an IVF cycle?
IVF birth defects
Is IVF associated with a greater incidence of birth defects or not? If you are going through an IVF cycle - read this!!!
IVF Pregnancy Screening
Many women who have IVF are older and therefore at greater risk for babies with chromosome abnormalities. These women may have screening tests for abnormalities performed. The results should be interpreted with caution, however. Read why here. If you are pregnant from an IVF cycle - read this!!!
Frequently asked questions (FAQ) about IVF
- Is bedrest important after an IVF embryo transfer?
No. A number of studies have looked at IVF pregnancy rates in women who were instructed to rest after an embryo transfer
and compared them to pregnancy rates in women who were not instructed to rest. The conclusion of every study that has looked at this was that bedrest after embryo transfer does not improves the chances for an IVF pregnancy.
Articles to read about bedrest in IVF:
Recent in-vitro fertilization (IVF) developments
Last Updated ( Wednesday, 29 August 2012 )